Why aluminio naval 5086 is used in marine industry?


Aluminum alloy 5086, also known as naval aluminum, is a highly sought-after material in the marine industry. This non-heat-treatable alloy is composed primarily of magnesium, manganese, and aluminum, which gives it exceptional corrosion resistance and weldability. Its strength-to-weight ratio is also very high, making it a preferred material for the fabrication of marine structures such as boats, ships, offshore platforms, and pressure vessels.

The presence of magnesium in naval aluminum 5086 provides it with a unique sacrificial anode effect. This means that the magnesium corrodes preferentially to the aluminum matrix, which in turn protects the aluminum from corrosion. As a result, naval aluminum 5086 is highly resistant to seawater and other corrosive environments, which is why it is often used in marine applications.

Naval aluminum 5086 also has a high manganese content, which increases its resistance to stress corrosion cracking. This type of corrosion occurs when a material is under tensile stress and can lead to material failure. The high resistance to stress corrosion cracking makes naval aluminum 5086 a reliable and safe material for marine applications.

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The weldability of naval aluminum 5086 is another significant advantage. This alloy can be easily welded using conventional techniques such as gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW), gas metal arc welding (GMAW), and resistance welding. Welded joints exhibit high strength and excellent corrosion resistance, making naval aluminum 5086 a popular choice for the fabrication of marine structures and components.

Another significant advantage of naval aluminum 5086 is its ease of fabrication. This alloy is highly formable and machinable, which makes it easy to produce complex marine components such as hulls, superstructures, and bulkheads. It can be easily shaped using conventional forming techniques such as rolling, extrusion, and forging and can be machined to tight tolerances using standard cutting tools.

In conclusion, naval aluminum 5086 is an exceptional material for marine applications due to its high corrosion resistance, excellent weldability, and ease of fabrication. Its strength-to-weight ratio is also very high, which makes it an ideal material for weight reduction in marine structures. However, proper design, fabrication, and maintenance practices are essential to ensure the long-term performance of naval aluminum 5086 in marine environments.


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